Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is an infection of the tissue or gums that holds the tooth in place. If left untreated, gum disease can cause sore, bleeding gums, and in extreme cases, the teeth can become mobile. Gum disease can be prevented with proper care, including brushing twice a day and flossing at least once a day.
The Main cause of gum disease is poor brushing and lack of flossing which allows plaque to build up along the teeth and the gum lines. When this plaque is not brushed away, it will harden becoming calculus which can only be removed by a Dentist. When this calculus goes under the gums for too long it can cause pain and irritation. Other causes of gum disease include; smoking, hormonal changes in women, diabetes, medications that affect the flow of saliva. Etc.
Symptoms of gum disease can include; red and swollen gums, bad breath, sensitive teeth, bleeding gums, receding gums, loose teeth and painful chewing. If you think you may have gum disease, a dentist will be able to diagnose you through an examination. They will then perform a clean to remove the calculus which should significantly reduce the inflammation
The best prevention of gum disease is to brush twice daily reaching all surfaces, and ensure your flossing is up to standards. Your dental check-ups are scheduled regularly every 6 months. This will ensure your gums are healthy and the calculus can be removed on a regular basis. Here at Coomera Dental Centre, your gums are our priority, if you suspect you may have gum disease give us a call on (07) 5580 4822 to make an appointment with one of our friendly dentists.